October 1, 2013

TMJ

This disorder can be painful with isolated pain and even headaches caused by the joint disorder between the temporal bone of the face and the mandible, the jaw bone. This joint works as a sliding joint and with the disorder clicking, popping and locking of the jaw can occur. Symptoms associated with this syndrome are: jaw pain, ear pain, headaches, tinnitus (ringing of the ear) and dizziness.

The cause of this disorder is usually a muscular imbalance associated with the muscles of mastication (muscle used to chew). The imbalance of muscles puts a constant stress over the area and when the jaw is opened, the tight muscles pull on the jaw, causing a deviation in the jaw upon opening. Stretching or breaking down the tight muscles and strengthening the weak or overpowered muscles will help balance this condition, keeping the jaw in the joint when opening and closing the mouth.

This joint also contains a disc, which over time can breakdown causing pain and sensitivity over the joint.